The cold temperature leads to less outdoor time. Many who exercise outside will have a decrease in physical activity. The reduction in exercise means fewer endorphins which will negatively impact both mental and physical health. The cold temperatures can also mean fewer outings with friends. Socialization is important to human’s well-being. Feelings of isolation are very common in the winter. Another common issue is the immune systems response can slow down making you more susceptible to sickness. Many do not venture outdoors. Exposure to colds and viruses is increased because more people are in close quarters and these germs survive better in the cold.
Winter also means less sunshine. The decrease in sunshine has a great influence on mental health. Sunshine gives individuals vitamin d; a lack of vitamin d can negatively influence your mood and energy and has been linked to depression. The increase in darkness can also disrupt your Circadian rhythm. Darkness and light can affect this causing a disruption in your sleeping cycle and feeling abnormally tired.
The dry air that accompanies winter weather can cause discomfort for many. the dry air can cause the skin to itch and peel.
Another aspect leading to health issues for the winter can be a multitude of holidays. Many different religions have special holidays that take place in the winter months, which mean more people coming together and spreading germs. This also means more food. Weight gain is very likely at this time and can cause discomfort for people and affects self-esteem.
It is important to continue exercising during winter. Try to work out at least 3 times a week for at least 30 minutes each time. This can strengthen the mood and immune system. To keep yourself motivated, you can ask friends to join a local gym or exercise class, or even find home workouts to fit into your schedule.
To stay healthy, it is important to eat healthily. It can be difficult during the winter and holidays, but proper nutrition will help give you energy and can positively affect mood.
In the winter, many individuals retreat from social interaction, but mental health can be negatively impacted by this. It is important to stay socially active, whether it be through strong relationships or volunteering to help others. Both can give you positive social interactions.
Always wash your hands. Make sure you use soap and warm water. Try to use a paper towel to open doors after. Washing your hands should take at least 20 seconds. Hand-sanitizer can also be brought anywhere in case an area does not have soap.
Adults should be sleeping 7-9 hours a night. Poor sleep can worsen the immune system, anxiety, depression, and overall mood. If the air is too dry, humidifiers should be purchased. The temperature inside a house will also affect sleep, too hot or too cold can prevent sleep.
Remember to stay active! Do the things you enjoy. While motivation and focus may be low, once you push yourself the results will be beneficial.